NTK Institute of Science and Technology in Art; Academy of fine Arts Vienna; Schillerplatz 3 A-1010 Vienna
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Already in 1692 a private art academy was founded under the promotion of the Emperor Leopold I (1640 – 1705) and modelled by his court-painter Peter Strudel (1660 – 1714). In 1872 Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria (1830 – 1916) approved a statute declaring the academy as the supreme government authority for the arts, with the main subjects architecture, sculpture, engraver, medal art and painting and subsidiary subjects, such as anatomy, perspective & style and colour-chemistry and -theory. In 1950 an associate professorship and institute for colour-theory, -chemistry and paint materials was founded for material science education for art students. Over the years new institute tasks such as Science in Conservation and Science for Cultural Heritage accrued so that nowadays the Institute of Natural Sciences and Technology in the Arts guarantees a profound theoretical and practice-oriented education in the subjects of colour science, theory of perception, materials science and colour chemistry with an increasing emphasis on contemporary materials and technologies. The study courses do not centre on merely scientific theorems and technological models but are rather based on the system of concepts, artists and students of art are concerned with. Contrary to other institutes, art is not charged and dealt with according to aesthetic or stylistic criteria; the curriculum focuses on the scientific documentation and materials analysis of objects of our cultural heritage, their specifics, compositions and stability in time.

In addition to the lecturing of natural scientific and materials science backgrounds, studies and research projects are carried out in the context of diploma and doctoral theses which deal with scientific investigations of single art objects as well as whole art ensembles. Documentation and investigation of original objects are mainly performed by the application of methods using electromagnetic radiation (e.g. infrared, visible, UV and x-ray radiation) and techniques for non-destructive / non-invasive material analysis. Likewise, research projects explore the long-term behaviour of materials (e.g. light-stability, corrosion and weathering resistance, as well as the compatibility of various materials used in modern and contemporary art) and are also dealing with preservation of historical monuments. In accordance with international trends, these requirements have entailed a number of new tasks in recent years summed up as “Science for Art”, “Science in Conservation & Preservation”, “Science for Cultural Heritage” or “Heritage Science” at all.